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Year R

Foundation Stage Curriculum is based on Government Guidance for early years curriculum 'development matters' and follows the children's interests.


Please take a look at the Development Matters information below (please note this is an external link) and the EYFS Framework available from the website.



Personal, Social and Emotional Development

  • Learning how to show friendly behaviour, initiating conversations, forming good relationships with peers and familiar adults.
  • Developing confidence when in new social situations.
  • Developing  confident to talk to other children when playing,
  • Explaining own knowledge and understanding, and asking appropriate questions of others.
  • Developing an awareness of personal feelings, and knowing that some actions and words can hurt others’ feelings.
  • Understanding the needs of others; taking turns and sharing resources.
  • Developing awareness of the boundaries set, and of behavioural expectations in school.

Communication and Language Development 

  • Listening to stories with enjoyment
  • Learning to take turns when speaking and listening during a conversation
  • Using language to support their imaginative role play
  • Learning to discuss the context of a story; beginning, middle and end
  • Following instructions.
  • Retelling a simple past event in correct order (e.g. went down slide, hurt finger).
  • Using talk to connect ideas, explain what is happening and anticipate what might happen next, recall and relive past experiences.
  • Using a range of tenses (e.g. play, playing, will play, played).
  • Using talk to organise, sequence and clarify thinking, ideas, feelings and events.
  • Developing understanding and use of prepositions such as ‘under’, ‘on top’, ‘behind’.


Physical Development

  • Dressing and undressing independently.
  • Responding to own health and hygiene needs and being independent when feeling hungry, thirsty, needing the toilet etc.
  • Developing gross motor skills and learning to move in different ways with confidence including the use of stairs, steps or climbing equipment.
  • Developing increasing control over an object in pushing, patting, throwing, catching or kicking it.
  • Developing fine motor control and co-ordination through a variety of activities; using pencils, threading beads, learn pads etc. Holding a pencil between thumb and two fingers, no longer using whole-hand grasp.





  • Knowledge of the soundfor each letter of the alphabet
  • Segmenting and blending sounds in simple words
  • Letter formation – learning to write letters; emergent writing
  • Recognising and learning to write their own name
  • Writing for different purposes
  • Learning that print carries meaning and, in English, is read from left to right and top to bottom.
  • Learning that stories have a structure- a setting, an event and principal characters.
  • Predicting how a story may end.


  • Recognising numerals 0-10
  • Quantity of numbers 0-10
  • Counting with 1:1 correspondence
  • Formation of digits 0 to 10
  • Recognising numbers that are one more than a given number and finding one more or one less from a group of up to ten objects.
  • Estimating how many objects can be seen
  • Awareness of 2D shapes
  • Using positional language
  • Sorting objects by certain criteria e.g. length or weight
  • Using mathematical knowledge to solve practical problems

Understanding the World

  • Shows interest in their environment by asking questions using ‘why and how’
  • Understanding the importance of caring for living things and the environment.
  • Learning to use a variety of Computing equipment; including laptops, learn pads and the interactive whiteboard
  • Exploring the world around us – both indoor and outdoor
  • To develop an awareness of different beliefs and traditions and exploring special times or events for family and friends.
  • Recognising similarities/differences in ourselves and others

Expressive Arts and Design

  • Developing imaginative skills in role play and with story telling
  • Learning and joining in with familiar and new songs and nursery rhymes
  • Exploring sound and music making; using a range of musical instruments
  • Exploring colour and what happens when we mix our own paint
  • Applying art techniques – printing, finger painting, chalk, pastels etc.
  • Developing construction skills, using various construction materials and joining a construction together.
  • Developing dancing skills; learning to move rhythmically and imitating movement in response to music.